all projects tagged statistics

axion dark matter

2017

Axions and axion-like particles are an interesting alternative to dark matter on the TeV-scale and should show new phenomena on small scales. Their very light masses cause their wave function to have de Broglie-wavelengths comparable to the size of cosmological objects such as dwarf galaxies, with less substructure on small scales and a density core as a natural consequence. With T. Schwetz-Mangold (KIT) and J. Jaeckel (Heidelberg) we are investigating signatures of axion dark matter. This requires to do quantum mechanics in gravitational fields and find analogues to classical concepts like gravitational collapse or virialisation for quantum mechanical, self-gravitating systems.

3D reconstructions

2017

The phase-space of the cosmic large-scale structure is only partially accessible to observations. The resolution of structures along the line of sight is particularly difficult in weak lensing observations, but also in galaxy surveys one deals with rather large radial uncertainties. For that purpose, we employ 3d-decompositions and investigate the observability of 3d-Fourier modes, in weak lensing and in cross-correlation with other tracers, and compute effects that are sensitive to large-scale velocity fields, where we cooperate with A. Nusser and V. Desjacques (Technion, Haifa) as well as J. Jasche (Stockholm).

Euclid

2015

The European Euclid mission is a space-based large-scale structure survey, where we are involved in the weak lensing programme, where we construct and test models of intrinsic alignments of galaxies, which result due to tidal interaction with the large-scale structure or by correlations in the initial conditions of structure formation. In addition, our group was active in computing second order effects in gravitational lensing, parameter estimation biases and the information content of Gaussian and non-Gaussian weak lensing maps.

cosmic inflation

2015

Cosmic inflation is an early phase of accelerated expansion that solves the flatness-problem in FLRW-cosmologies and is a mechanism for introducing fluctuations in the distribution of matter. Of particular interest to us are inflationary non-Gaussianities and their measurement in future large-scale structure surveys. The best way of measuring higher-order non-Gaussianities is still unclear; while there is a clear way of computing polyspectra from covariant perturbation theory, their estimation from data quickly becomes a combinatorial problem, for which we use advanced sampling methods.

statistical inference and information geometry

2013

Modern cosmology is a statistical science and we are interested in questions related to the information content of large-scale structure surveys, in particular in the nonlinear regime, selection of models and the effect of systematical errors on the parameter estimation and model selection process. In particular, we investigate what properties about gravity are in principle knowable from cosmological surveys, how non-Gaussian structures can be described in an efficient way and how information about fundamental physics can be extracted from non-Gaussian structures.

weak gravitational lensing

2010

Weak lensing refers to the weak distortion of the light bundles reaching us from distant galaxies caused by tidal gravitational fields in the cosmic large-scale structure. Weak lensing is an excellent tool for investigating gravity on large scales, and we have worked on tomographic methods, cross-correlations and higher-order statistics of the weak lensing signal, as well as effects gravitational light deflection at second order. We would like to understand how one can reach a precision prediction of the weak lensing signal, how one can use the lensing signal as a cosmoogical probe, and what statistical properties the lensing signal has.

intrinsic alignments

2010

Weak lensing operates under the assumption of intrinsically uncorrelated galaxy shapes, which might not be true because galaxies experience correlated tidal gravitational fields and share a similar angular momentum generation. We have worked on tidal interaction models for galaxies to derive ellipticity correlations for investigating their contaminating effect in weak lensing parameter inference. Starting from models of tidal shearing and tidal torquing for the orientation of elliptical and spiral galaxies, we are constructing more elaborate models for predicting and investigating intrinsic alignments, and hope to apply them to Euclid data.

Planck

2005

The Planck-surveyor satellite was a European CMB-mission that mapped out the temperature and polarisation fluctuations to angular scales of a few arcminutes. We added Sunyaev-Zel’dovich simulations to the Planck-sky model, as well as adopting maps of the vibrational transitions of carbon monoxide and of the free-free-emission due to direct interaction between electrons. In analysing the data, we obtained independent information on dark energy from the measurement of the integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect (together with P. Vielva and C. Hernandez-Monteagudo).